BY AMBROSE GAHENE
A coalition of global energy sector leaders launched the first of its kind integrated energy pilot in Uganda on Monday.
The Utilities 2.0 Twaake pilot project unites Umeme Ltd, the centralized power utility company, and several leading Uganda-based distributed renewable energy companies (DREs) to provide affordable, reliable, and clean power for all in what has been described as the utilities of the future.
In a country with only 28 per cent of the population accessing electricity by the central grid, it would take over 10 million customers for Uganda to achieve universal access according to the World Bank.
With the average cost of grid extension connection at $1,400, if grid extension is the sole method of service provision, the required investment would likely be in the range of $7 billion—nearly a fifth of Uganda’s current annual GDP estimated at $35 million.
The Utilities 2.0 Twaake pilot is designed to at least reduce the cost by half through relying on integrated energy.
Integrated energy combines centralized and decentralized technology (including solar home systems, mini-grids, grid, and smart grid systems) into an intelligent and interactive energy network that can deliver customer-centric, clean energy solutions to end energy poverty at the lowest cost and transform billions of lives faster than isolated approaches.
According to recent studies by Power for All and Duke University, connection costs can be reduced by 50 per cent through reducing upfront capital cost by leveraging a utility’s ability to access cheaper capital while increasing the value of the customers through productive use applications that drive energy demand.
Through this integration, Uganda’s energy customers will derive more benefit for each kilowatt consumed, creating more opportunities for business, education, health, safety and overall quality of life.
The integrated energy pilot is deployed across two sites: Nyenje (grid) and Kiwumu (non-grid DRE site).
The grid connected Nyenje has been operational since July 2020 with over 26 percent of businesses to date receiving income generating assets for the purpose of productive use.
Businesses that received asset financing increased their electricity consumption by over 50 per cent and business revenues have increased by over 70 per cent.
In Kiwumu, the pilot has deployed a 40kWp mini grid in Kiwumu, Mukono district in Uganda to power 300 households and 60 local businesses.
Over 50 percent of the businesses in Kiwumu will receive asset financing to assist businesses with productive use.
The pilot project is expected to deliver jobs and improve incomes across both villages.
With Twaake, Uganda joins a growing global network of integrated initiatives to accelerate access, drive demand and improve overall energy system performance.
In partnership with Makerere University and several Ugandan companies, Power for All will evaluate the socio-economic benefits of integrated energy and the effectiveness of the business models tests in pilot.
Together, the entire consortium will work with the government to achieve Uganda’s first successful interconnected mini-grid in June 2022, and identify approaches to replication and scale in order to accelerate energy access and deepen the benefits to the people of Uganda.
“Neither centralized nor decentralized energy can end energy poverty alone. However, through partnership and leveraging comparative strengths, traditional utilities and innovative DRE companies can create a new frontier in the fight to end energy poverty,” said Kristina Skierka, Power for All CEO.
While addressing the participants, Eng. Cecelia Menya, the Acting Director Energy Resources of Uganda’s Ministry of Energy and Minerals Development, emphasized the importance of public-private sector partnership in development of the energy sector and highlighted the Government’s keen interest to learn from the lessons of this year-long integrated energy pilot project to extend the technology to other parts of the country.
Selestino Bubungi, Umeme Managing Director and CEO, said: “Uganda is now facing a challenge of access to clean energy with about half of the population having access, of which 25% are connected to the grid and 26% using offgrid solutions like solar.
“Twaake is coming in to bridge the gap of delivering clean energy to the households.
“This partnership will ensure that we deliver clean energy to the population in this pilot phase, pick lessons and use it to scale up. The partnership will assist to drive Uganda’s electricity agenda.”
The Utilities 2.0 project in Uganda also involves several private sector companies and other leading organizations, including Africa Mini-Grid Developers Association (AMDA), CLASP, CrossBoundary, East African Power, EnerGrow, Equatorial Power, Nxt Grid, Rocky Mountain Institute, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Duke and Makerere Universities.
The Rockefeller Foundation noted: “Our mission is to rapidly expand access to clean, reliable electricity that empowers people across Africa,’ said Joseph Nganga, The Rockefeller Foundation’s Executive Director for Power and Climate in Africa.
“Without electricity, there is no access to the tools that power business and only limited access to modern healthcare or education. Together with Umeme Limited, Power for All, Equatorial Power, Energrow and East African Power we have a chance to advance a new vision for more rapid and inclusive economic development that lifts millions out of poverty; the commissioning of the first interconnected mini-grid project in Uganda is an important step in our shared mission,” he added.